Biodiesel is a renewable diesel fuel made from vegetable oils, animal fats, or recycled cooking oils through a process called transesterification. During transesterification, the fats and oils are chemically reacted with alcohol (usually methanol or ethanol) and a catalyst to produce biodiesel and glycerin as byproducts. Biodiesel can be used as a direct substitute for petroleum-based diesel fuel in diesel engines without requiring any engine modifications.
Aviation Sustainable Fuel (also known as Sustainable Aviation Fuel - SAF): Aviation Sustainable Fuel is a renewable and environmentally friendly alternative to traditional jet fuel used in aircraft. It is derived from various sources, including vegetable oils, animal fats, agricultural residues, and waste materials. The production process may involve similar methods to those used for biodiesel, such as hydrotreating or the Fischer-Tropsch process.
The major advantages of Biofuels compared to Fossil Fuels are:
Biofuels are made from renewable resources such as plant biomass, which can be replenished and harvested again and again. In contrast, fossil fuels are finite resources that will eventually run out.
Reduced greenhouse gas emissions:
Burning biofuels produces fewer greenhouse gas emissions than burning fossil fuels. This is because the carbon dioxide released when burning biofuels is offset by the carbon dioxide absorbed by the plants during photosynthesis.
Biofuels can be produced domestically, reducing dependence on foreign sources of oil and increasing energy security.
Unlike fossil fuels, biofuels are biodegradable, which means they break down naturally and do not persist in the environment.
Reduced air pollution
Biofuels emit fewer pollutants, such as sulfur dioxide and particulate matter, which can contribute to air pollution and respiratory problems.
Diversification of energy sources
Diversification of energy sources: Using biofuels can diversify the mix of energy sources used to power vehicles and machinery, reducing reliance on a single source of energy.